The term was shorthand for indians living on ochese creek near macon, but traders began applying it to every native resident of the deep south in the treaty of indian springs (1825), georgia agents bribed creek leader william mcintosh to sign away all creek territory in the state in return for plantation land along the. It is possible that this native american culture is the remnants of the earlier mississippian moundbuilders frequently described as a confederacy, the creek nation encompassed perhaps twelve distinct tribes throughout the state of georgia each tribe had its own language and customs a trading language united the. Prior to the early 18th century, most of georgia was home to american indians belonging to a southeastern alliance known as the creek confederacy the name creek came from the shortening of ocheese creek indians -- a name given by the english to the native people living along the ocheese creek (or ocmulgee. His first effort at indian fighting was waging a war against the creeks president jefferson had appointed him to appropriate creek and cherokee lands in his brutal military campaigns against indians, andrew jackson recommended that troops systematically kill indian women and children after massacres.
The name of the creek indians, unlike the names of most of the more important indian tribes, is obviously of english, not of indian origin it is usually said that it was given them by 3 calendar of state papers, america and west indies, 1677 -1680, 60 chief towns of the ocheese, kawita, and kasihta were located. Using government documents, author angela walton-raji traced her ancestors to the slaves owned by american indians walton-raji's ancestors are freedmen, african-americans who were slaves of the five civilized tribes – the cherokee, chickasaw, choctaw, creek and seminole nations – in indian.
Power over indians4 when congress authorized a number of indian tribes to sue the united states for land claims in the 1920s, however, the us supreme the queen,  2 scr 335 2 united states v creek nation, 295 us 103 ( 1935) 3 cherokee nation v georgia, 30 us 1, 17 (1831) 4 eg lone wolf v.
During the indian removal of the 1830s, most of the muscogee confederacy were forcibly relocated to indian territory the muscogee (creek) nation, alabama-quassarte tribal town, kialegee tribal town, and thlopthlocco tribal town, all based in oklahoma, are federally recognized tribes, as are the poarch band of. Mississippian pottery the creek indians, along with other southeastern tribes such as the choctaws and cherokees, are descended from the peoples of the but the creek nation was multiethnic and included indian peoples from spanish missions in georgia and florida as well as yuchi, shawnee,.
In an effort to keep the peace between native americans and white settlers, many tribes opened their culture to outside influence calling these people 'creeks' in the early 1700s and that became their name, although whites were simply referring to the 'indians living on ochese creek' near present-day macon, georgia.
An index to the indian pioneer papers may also be found at okgenweb oklahoma genealogy a separate index of indians interviewed, including the creek, may be viewed at: “indians in the indian pioneer papers” some of the surnames from the creek tribe found in the. The commission also required indians to claim membership in only one tribe and register on the dawes rolls, what the government meant to be a definitive record of individuals with indian blood the curtis act, passed in 1898, targeted the five civilized tribes (cherokee, choctaw, chickasaw, creek and.